Science in Denmark

 

Scientific information is highly valued in Denmark, and there are many opportunities to explore what has already been uncovered, in addition to researching new discoveries.

Danish researchers and companies have been successful in securing EU funding for research and innovation projects. Since 2014, 825 projects with Danish participants were boosted by almost DKK 3.7 billion or 2.52 per cent of competitive funds from Horizon 2020.”

 

“By the end of the seventeenth century Denmark had produced a number of eminent scientists, men like the astronomers Tycho Brahe (1546-1601) and Ole Rømer (1644-1710), the mathematician Rasmus Bartholin (1625-1698), and the polymath Niels Steensen (Steno) (1638-1686).” – From a Nobel speech on history of science in Denmark

 

Science Starts Young

Every year, more than 150,000 students from all over Denmark take part in Science Week, a national event that aims to create engaging experiences with science and technology for Danish children of all ages. The Science Week takes place every year at the end of September.

 

Research Pays Off

Danish research is one of the most cited among the member countries of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). Denmark ranks third on the list of countries whose research publications are cited most, and the country is 2nd in the number of published research publications per capita.

 

Scientific Breakthroughs

Danish scientific breakthroughs over the past few years include discovering a new fungal species, called Hebelomagriseopruinatum, a system that differentiates between crops and weeds and can potentially reduce the use of pesticides in agriculture by as much as 95 percent, breakthroughs in cancer research, and archeological breakthroughs such as discovering the largest hoard of gold by the Vikings.

 

Danish Scientists

 

Tycho Brahe:

discovered a “new star” in 1572, and became famous as an astronomer throughout Europe. He was also “excessively” exposed to gold in the last 2 months of his life.

August Krogh:

a Danish physiologist who received the Nobel Prize for Physiology/Medicine in 1920.

Niels Bohr:

a Danish physicist who, along with Albert Einstein, fundamentally changed our understanding of the world.

Inge Lehmann:

the Danish seismologist and geophysicist who discovered that Earth has a solid inner core inside a molten outer core.

Niels Stensen:

demonstrated that the heart is just a muscle and laid the foundations of three new sciences.

Ole Römer:

among other things developed the meridian circle, which later became astronomy’s most accurate instrument for measuring position.

 

Science Museums

 

The country has many science museums, some of which are:

 

The Steno Museum for the History of Science and Medicine

Discover the natural sciences and explore the cultural history of medicine. When you visit the planetarium, you will be introduced to galaxies, planets and other fascinating sky phenomena, and in the museum’s colorful herb garden you can enjoy the sight and the scent of the more than 300 historic medicinal plants.

The Natural History Museum of Denmark

This geological museum in Copenhagen includes a number of geological collections, and when you visit you can see objects such as rocks, minerals, meteorites and fossils.

The Danish Museum of Science and Technology

The museum has an impressive collection of steam engines, inventions, electric appliances, bicycles, cars and airplanes, and you can also experience how Hans Christian Ørsted in 1820 discovered electromagnetism.

(Another) Natural History Museum

At Naturhistorisk Museum, the Natural History Museum in Aarhus you can experience the abundance of life inhabiting the earth. Experience the museum’s four permanent exhibitions and changing special exhibitions. This includes getting close-up to the animals on the African savanna or time travelling through the Danish landscape from the Ice Age to the present day.

The Viking Ship Museum 

Learn about the history of the Vikings and the archaeological efforts to find and restore the original Viking ships. Visitors can see the original Viking ships and other Nordic boats in the museum’s harbor, as well as take a sailing trip on a reconstructed Viking ship.

Medical Museion

This is a combined museum and research unit at the University of Copenhagen, belonging to the Department of Public Health. Medical Museion has one of the biggest and richest historical collections of medical artifacts  in Europe. The collections contain between 150,000 and 250,000 artifacts.

Moesgaard Museum

This Danish regional museum located in Aarhus, is dedicated to archaeology and ethnography.

Laesoe Saltworks

Begun with a series of archeological excavations on Laesoe where the remains of some Middle Age saltworks were found. Laesoe Salt was established in 1991 as a historical workshop, and visitors can watch them make salt in open iron pans.

Ole Rømer Observatory

Visitors can look through the observatory’s two modern 11-inch telescopes in the large dome, or go outside to see constellations or look for a planet if it is so low that it cannot be seen through the telescopes.

 

Research Institutions

 

Denmark is a country with a long tradition for higher learning and research in almost every recognized academic field. The oldest Danish university was founded over 500 years ago and is still active today. Some of the scientific places of research include:

 

The Kennedy Center

Activities at the Kennedy Center include diagnosis, prevention, treatment and research in patients with serious, often genetic, handicaps with mental retardation or visual impairment.

Statens Serum Institut

The SSI prevents and controls infectious diseases, biological threats and congenital disorders. The Institute is an enterprise under the Ministry of Health and Prevention, and the Institute’s duties are partly integrated in the national Danish health services. SSI is one of Denmark’s largest research institutions in the health sector.

Danish Society for Medical Physics

This is a scientific community related to the application of radiation in the diagnostic and therapeutic areas in health care. The society represents the group of hospital physicists in the hospital departments utilizing ionising radiation, i.e. the areas of radiation oncology, x-ray diagnostics and nuclear medicine.

 

The Danes value science so much, they even put it on their coins!  In 2013 they added coins which featured Bohr’s atomic model with electrons orbiting a nucleus, Ørsted’s experiment demonstrating electromagnetism, Rømer’s drawing describing the speed of light, and Brahe’s constellation Cassiopeia.

 
 
 

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