Geographic Information System – GIS

What is GIS?

A geographic information system (GIS) is a computer system for capturing, storing, checking, and displaying data related to positions on Earth’s surface; it is computer cartography. But it uses spatial and statistical methods to analyze the data, and can show many different kinds of data on one map. This enables people to more easily see, analyze, and understand patterns and relationships.

What can you do with GIS?

Geographic Information System careers can span many industries, including all levels of government, environmental management, oil & gas, agriculture,  transportation, utilities. surveying, and many more.

Some of the tasks performed include:

Creating maps and graphs.
Meet with clients.
Conduct research.
Gather, analyze, and integrate spatial data.
Compile geographic data from a variety of sources including censuses, field observation, satellite imagery, aerial photographs, and existing maps.
Enter new map data.
Analyze geographic relationships among varying types of data.

Skills needed:

Teamwork and good communication. People in GIS usually work in a team, whether that’s in the office or a single person working alongside clients. You’ll need to be able to describe GIS and spatial information to non-GIS people.

Computer programming. You’ll need to be able to use and develop computer programs to solve problems. You’ll need to know Structured Query Language and be able to manage the databases.

The ability to think and analyze spatially.

A knowledge of geography, maps and cartographic design.

Understand how to create and modify the different types of GIS data.